March 29, 2020

Things to do after installing centos 7

The following things can be done after installing centos 7 on your dedicated or vps server:

1. Update and upgrade centos

[[email protected]]# yum upgrade

This command will inform you about the packages that can be updated or upgraded. To install the update just run the command:

[[email protected]]# yum install update

2. Install a command-line web browser

This is because most of the CentOS server has no GUI. Therefore in order to check the website, through the terminal, we must have to install a command-line web browser.

[[email protected]]# yum install links

3. Install wget & 7-Zip

wget is a command-line tool that retrieves or downloads the content from the web servers. 7-Zip is used to compress and extract the files of zip format.

[[email protected]]# yum install wget

[[email protected]]# yum install p7zip

4. Install Development Tools

Development tools are installed if you have planned to build software. Development tools basically consist of tools like GCC, g++, make, Autoconf, libtool, bison, flex, rpmbuild, etc packages.

To find out the packages list that will be the development tools group.

[[email protected]]# yum groupinfo "Development Tools"

To install the development tools run the following command:

[[email protected]]# yum update
[[email protected]]# yum groupinstall "Development Tools"

After installing the development tools you can check the important binaries.

[[email protected]]# gcc –version

[[email protected]]# make –version

5. Install Apache HTTP Server

HTTP server is the most widely used web server, whenever it comes to host websites on your VPS server. This is basically used to run websites, multimedia, client-side script, and many other things.

To install httpd server run the command as follows:

[[email protected]]# yum install httpd

Then press ‘Y’ to install the httpd server.

After that start the httpd server using the following command:

[[email protected]]# systemctl start httpd.service

In order to verify that httpd server is installed on your server, then open your browser and type your server ip http://101.132.97.75/ then you will see a page as shown below:

install-httpd-server

If you want httpd server to start automatically when the system boots then use this command:

[[email protected]]# systemctl enable httpd.service

In order to restart and stop httpd server uses the command as follows:

[[email protected]]# systemctl restart httpd.service
[[email protected]]# systemctl stop httpd.service

6. Install PHP

PHP is a server-side scripting language that is used for web-based services. Command to install PHP are as follows:

[[email protected]]# yum install php

After installing PHP make sure to restart httpd server:-

[[email protected]]# systemctl restart httpd.service

To verify PHP is installed or not just type

[[email protected]]# php -v

It will show the PHP version.

7. Install MariaDB Database

MariaDB is a fork of MySQL. RedHat Enterprise Linux and its derivatives have shifted to MariaDB from MySQL. It is the Primary Database management System. It is again one of those tools which are necessary to have and you will need it sooner or later no matter what kind of server you are setting. Command to install MariaDB on your server are as follows:

[[email protected]]# yum install mariadb-server mariadb

Then press ‘Y’ to install MariaDB on your server.

Start and configure MariaDB to start automatically at boot.

[[email protected]]# systemctl start mariadb.service
[[email protected]]# systemctl enable mariadb.service

Now it’s time to secure the MariaDB server.

[[email protected]]# /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation

Then you will be prompted for the password and some common questions for security.

8. Install Java

java is object-oriented programming language and it is not installed on your server by default. So, therefore you will have to installed it:

[[email protected]]# yum install java

Check version of Java Installed.

[[email protected]]# java -version

9. Install Apache Tomcat

Tomcat is a servlet container designed by Apache to run a Java HTTP web server. Install tomcat as below but it is necessary to point out that you must have installed Java prior to installing tomcat.

[[email protected]]# yum install tomcat

After tomcat has been installed, start the tomcat service.

[[email protected]]# systemctl start tomcat

To start tomcat automatically when the system boots up:-

[[email protected]]# systemctl enable tomcat.service

Now the tomcat has been successfully installed on your server. The default tomcat directory is /etc/tomcat

10. Install unzip

Enter the following command to install Unzip:

[[email protected]]# yum install unzip

To verify whether  Unzip is installed correctly, run the following commands:

[[email protected]]# unzip -v

Now you can unzip any zip file as follows

[[email protected]]# unzip test.zip

Vedant Singh

Linux System Administrator | Entrepreneur | Founder Techmion. I have started my career as a Linux system Administrator after that quit my job to start something new that excites me and started a Tech Company in order to provide the best technology to my clients. My Company website link: https://www.techmion.com/ For Bulk, SMS-Marketing follows the link : https://www.pingsms.in/

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